Welcome to Baku, Azerbaijan! This is the Land of Fire and the Pearl of the Caucasus, a land where eastern colours combine magnificently with western progress. Azerbaijan is a country of unique nature, unmatched culture, centuries of history with its customs and traditions; a place which will satisfy the expectations of the most sophisticated gastronomists; and finally, it is the country of Caucasian hospitality and friendliness.
Azerbaijan is situated at the eastern side of the Transcaucasia (or South Caucasus) on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The population of Azerbaijan exceeds 9.8 million and the territory covers an area of 86 600 square kilometres.
For centuries the country has been at the crossroads of continents and civilizations. With lands spanning Europe and Asia, it is a commercial, political and cultural bridge between east and west, north and south.
Historically a part of the Great Silk Road, Azerbaijan has, since ancient times, aroused the interests of great minds, scientists, travellers and historians. References to this amazing land can be found in the ancient writings of Herodotus, Strabo, and Claudius Ptolemy. Azerbaijan has an amazing historical and cultural heritage with more than 7500 natural, archaeological, architectural, and historical monuments. Cave drawings at Gobustan, Momine-Khatun and Garabaghlar mausoleums, the Palace of Sheki Khans, the Maiden Tower, the castles of Absheron, medieval manuscripts decorated with magnificent miniature paintings, antique rugs, and works of literature, arts and sculpture – all of this is just a small part of the country’s rich and priceless heritage.
Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, sits on the shores of the Caspian Sea. This is the city where past and present are intricately intertwined.
Baku is firmly established as a key city on the world stage. Open and tolerant, it is a global centre for intercultural dialogue and cooperation, regularly bringing together political, cultural, sport and religious leaders from around the world.
Baku has also hosted landmark international events, such as the Eurovision Song Contest 2012, the first-ever European Games in 2015, the Islamic Solidarity Games in 2017 and, annually since 2016, the Formula 1 Azerbaijan Grand Prix.
Baku has a population of about 2.3 million. The official language of the country is Azerbaijani, however Russian, English, and colloquial Turkish are widely spoken across the country, with the English language growing in popularity mostly in big cities.
Azerbaijan is the West in the East and the East in the West!